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Deaeration in Boilers

Nearly complete oxygen  removal is required in order to meet industrial standards for both oxygen content and the allowable metal oxide levels in feed water. This can be accomplished only by efficient mechanical deaeration supplemented by a properly controlled oxygen scavenger.

Attack of Carbon dioxide in Boilers

Corrosion is the principal effect of dissolved carbon dioxide. The gas will dissolve in water, producing corrosive carbonic acid.

Corrosion on circuitry and its inhibition
Corrosion on circuitry can be confined to mainly three main factors:
  • Atmospheric corrosion of the metals,
  • Galvanic corrosion, and
  • Fungus attack.
Surface Treatments

Common surface treatments can be divided into two major categories:

  • Treatments that cover the surfaces and
  • Treatments that alter the surfaces.
Solar Energy Technology

Solar energy, radiant light and heat from the sun, has been harnessed by humans since ancient times using a range of ever-evolving technologies. As a result of the increasing costs of energy and growing awareness of the effect of carbon energy sources on the environment, renewable energy technology has become a competitive and growing market as individuals, businesses and governments across the United States are making the decision to catch what they've been missing by switching to renewable energy sources such as solar panels and wind turbines.

Cryogenic Rocket Engine

Cryogenic Engines are rocket motors designed for liquid fuels that have to be held at very low "cryogenic" temperatures to be liquid - they would otherwise be gas at normal temperatures. Typically Hydrogen and Oxygen are used which need to be held below 20°K (-423°F) and 90°K (-297°F) to remain liquid.

DNA Synthesizer

DNA synthesizer is the machine used to custom-build DNA molecules to contain a particular sequence of nucleotides. It can creates specific DNA molecules for use in the treatment of a variety of diseases by replacing a faulty or damaged section of DNA with a repaired section.

Optical Fibers

Optical fibers are the glass or plastic fibers that carry light along its length. They are widely used in fiber-optic communications, which permits transmission over longer distances and at higher bandwidths (data rates) than other forms of communications.

Synthetic Biology

Synthetic biology is a new area of biological research that combines science and engineering in order to design and build  novel biological functions and systems. Over the past 50 years, several pivotal advances have transformed the life sciences, including the discovery of the structure of DNA, the deciphering of the genetic code, the development of recombinant DNA technology, and the mapping of the human genome. Synthetic biology is another transformative innovation that will make it possible to build living machines from off-the-shelf chemical ingredients, employing many of the same strategies that electrical engineers use to make computer chips.

Nanotechnology Engineering

Nanotechnology is the study of the controlling of matter on an atomic and molecular scale. Generally it deals with yhe structures of the size 100 nm or smaller in at least one dimension, and involves developing materials or devices within that size. Nanotechnology engineering is a multi-disciplinary engineering field, which draws from and benefits areas such as materials science and engineering, chemistry, physics, biology, and medicine.

Emerging Technologies

Emerging technologies comprise with cutting-edge developments, and they represent contemporary advances and innovation around the 21st century in various fields of technology.

Biotechnological Engineering

Biotechnological engineering (or bioengineering) is a branch of engineering that focuses on biotechnologies and biological science. It includes different disciplines such as biochemical engineering, biomedical engineering, bio-process engineering, biosystem engineering, etc.


Manufacturing is the use of machines, tools and labour to make things for use or sale. It is the most commonly applied to industrial production in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. This manufacturing sector is closely connected with engineering and industrial design.

Waste oil

Waste oil is defined as any petroleum-based or synthetic oil that, through use or handling, has become unsuitable for its original purpose due to the presence of impurities or loss of original properties. The term "waste oil" means the used oil (or oil) that is inappropriately mixed with hazardous waste, or disposed of, rather than recycled (re-refined, burned for energy recovery, etc.).


Petroleum or crude oil is a naturally occurring, flammable liquid. It is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights, and other organic compounds, that is found in rock formations beneath the earth's surface.

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