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Biotechnological Engineering

Biotechnological engineering (or bioengineering) is a branch of engineering that focuses on biotechnologies and biological science. It includes different disciplines such as biochemical engineering, biomedical engineering, bio-process engineering, biosystem engineering, etc. In general it is an integrated approach of fundamental biological sciences and traditional engineering principles.

Biological Engineering is the application of engineering principles to address challenges in the fields of biology and medicine. Biological engineering applies principles to the full spectrum of living systems, including molecular biology, biochemistry, microbiology, pharmacology, protein chemistry, cytology, immunology, neurobiology, neuroscience, etc.

Biological engineering employs with the knowledge and expertise of a number of pure and applied sciences such as mass and heat transfer, kinetics, biocatalysts, biomechanics, bioinformatics, separation and purification processes, bioreactor design, surface science, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, and polymer science. It is used in the design of medical devices, diagnostic equipment, biocompatible materials, and other important medical needs that improve the living standards of societies.

These engineers use the principles of biology and the tools of engineering to create usable, tangible products. In general, biological engineers attempt to either mimic biological systems in order to create products or modify and control biological systems so that they can replace, augment, or sustain chemical and mechanical processes. Bioengineers can apply their expertise to other applications of engineering and biotechnology, including genetic modification of plants and microorganisms, bioprocess engineering, and biocatalysis.

The Main Fields of Bioengineering may be categorised as:

  • Genetic Engineering: Synthetic Biology, Cell Engineering, Tissue Culture Engineering, Horizontal gene transfer, etc.
  • Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical technology, Biomedical Diagnosis, Biomedical Therapy, Biomechanics, Biomaterials, etc.
  • Bioprocess Engineering: Bioprocess Design, Biocatalysis, Bioseparation, Bioinformatics, etc.