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Emerging Technologies

Emerging technologies comprise with cutting-edge developments, and they represent contemporary advances and innovation around the 21st century in various fields of technology. Various converging technologies have emerged in the technological convergence of different systems which evolving towards performing similar tasks. Convergence can refer to previously separate technologies such as voice (and telephony features), data (and productivity applications) and video that now share resources and interact with each other, synergistically creating new efficiencies.

Emerging technologies are those technical innovations which represent progressive developments within a field for competitive advantage; converging technologies represent previously distinct fields which are in some way moving towards stronger inter-connection and similar goals. However, the opinion on the degree of impact, status, and economic viability of several emerging and converging technologies vary.

List of emerging technologies

  • Energy technologies
  • Biotechnology, Bioinformatics
  • Transportation
  • Information Technology
  • Robotics and applied mechanics
  • Material science, etc.

Energy technologies:

Emerging Technology
Potentially Marginalized Technologies
Potential Applications
Nuclear fusion power
Theory & experiments for 50+ years
Fossil fuels, renewable energy, nuclear fission power
Electric power generation, space transportation
Fossil fuels
Energy storage, particularly for transportation
Hydrogen economy
Diffusion (of hydrogen fuel cells); Theory & experiments for less expensive production of hydrogen
Other technologies for storing energy (conventional batteries, fossil fuels)
Storage of energy
Nanowire battery
Working prototypes
Other technologies for storing energy (hydrogen, conventional batteries and in some cases fossil fuels)
Laptops, mobile phones and long-range electric cars. Storing power for electric grid
Diffusion & continued development
conventional batteriesRegenerative braking; generally faster-charging, longer lasting, more flexible, and/or greener energy storage
Wireless energy transfer
Working prototypes/Diffusion and short range consumer products
Wirelessly powered equipment (laptop, cell phones etc.

Biotechnology, Bioinformatics:

Emerging Technology
Potentially Marginalized Technologies
Potential Applications
Genetic engineering
Commercialization; ongoing research & development
Animal husbandry, Plant breeding
Creation and modification of species, bio-machines, elimination of genetic disorders
Synthetic biology, Synthetic genomics
Research & developmentChemical industry, Petroleum industry, Process industriesCreation of infinitely scalable production processes based on programmable species of bacteria and other life forms
Artificial photosynthesis
Research and experiments
 Replicate the natural process of photosynthesis, converting sunlight, water, & carbon dioxide into carbohydrates and oxygen
Anti-aging drugs: resveratrol, SRT1720Animal testingExisting treatments for age-related diseasesLife extension


Emerging Technology
Potentially Marginalized Technologies
Potential Applications
Electric cars
Small scale production, infrastructure investment
Internal combustion engine
Greener transportation
Personal rapid transit
Working prototypes (and models)
Conventional rail/bus public transport; would reduce need for everyone to own their own carGreener transportation
Personal aircraft
Commercial production
Commercial Airlines
Precooled jet engines
Laboratory verified precooler
subsonic jets
Very fast, long distance air travel, space travel